A think tank says taxi and PH licensing should be overhauled and the Knowledge, and other topographical tests should be removed.

The Adam Smith Institute, a “free-market think tank”, said:


  • The Private Hire Vehicles Act (1998) and Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (1976) should be overhauled to provide a clear regulatory framework for modern ride-hailing services. New legislation should be brought
  • Licensure for taxis, Private Hire Vehicles (PHVs), and ride-sourcing drivers should be reviewed to allow for street-hailing across platforms. A single-tier of licensing should exist to create an equal market which is truly dynamic in
  • The Knowledge, and other topographical tests, should be removed as requirements with the advent of regularly-updated GPS and traffic-mapping systems;
  • The Government should review and remove a number of surplus regulations regarding Taxi and PHV operation due to a ‘regulatory overload’ causing drivers to leave the profession, or not join in the first place;
  • Licensing authorities should permit the licensing of ‘paratransit light vehicles’ for cheaper, greener, and higher capacity travel, as a supplement to bus networks;
  • The Government could do more to encourage transfer to electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrids by creating a subsidy fund, providing tax incentives, and travel cards for green travel by taxis and PHVs.

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